April 18, 2015

Sun Temple,Giant chariot and the stone wheels, pillars, Konark

Sun Temple, Konark

The Sun Temples of Konark are one of the most famous Sun Temples of India. Dedicated to the Sun God, the temple was created in the early 13th century and is also called by the name 'Black Pagoda'. Konark Sun Temple is in the form of a giant chariot and the stone wheels, pillars, walls are all exquisitely and intricately carved. Unfortunately, most of the carvings are now in ruins due to natural calamities and foreign invasions.

The temple is known for 'Maithunas' which are the erotic sculptures on the temple walls. Britishers have called the Konark Temple 'most beautiful and yet the most obscene'. However, the erotic sculptures on the Sun Temple are explained by archaeologists, especially by A.K. Coomaraswamy, stating that the sculptures are a depiction of Indian sex-symbolism which is ‘sacramental’ in its likeness to the union of the individual soul with the universal spirit. The sculptures are a part of Samsara which the human must ultimately give up to reach within, on the path of Moksha.

Konark Sun Temple

Mayadevi Temple
To the west of the primary temple are the remains of temple no.2 prominently called the temple of Mayadevi, accepted to have been one of the wives of Lord Surya. But the existence of the sun pictures as parsvadevata in-situ show its devotion to the sun god, build earlier than the principle Sun temple. The temple facing east, comprises of a sanctum (deul) and a porch (Jagamohana) standing over a raised stage, fa├žade of which is relieved with ornamentation. The superstructures of the sanctum and porch are missing. The interior of the porch is famous for their sculptural treatment while the sanctum is without any deity. Elaborately, the temple is assignable to around late eleventh century AD.
Vaishnava Temple
The small brick temple facing east in south-west corner of the compound was found in 1956 while the sand clearance. Also called temple no.3 is pancharatha on plan. It comprises of a deul and a Jagamohana however with the superstructure is missing and exterior decoration. Pictures of Balarama and two parsvadevatas of Varaha and Trivikrama were uncovered (now showed in Archeological Museum, Konark) demonstrating its Vaishnava association. The temple is datable to around eleventh century A.D.
History
In 1559, Mukunda Gajapati came to throne in Cuttack. He adjusted himself as an associate of Akbar and a foe of the Sultan of Bengal, Sulaiman Khan Karrani. After a couple of fights, Odisha at last fell. The fall was additionally helped by the inward turmoil of the state. In 1568, the Konark temple was said harmed by the armed force of Kalapahad, a general of the Sultan. Kalapahad is additionally said to be in charge of harms to a few different temples throughout the victory.
As described in Bhavishya Purana and Samba Purana, there may have been a sun temple in the region earlier than current one, dating to the nineteenth century or prior. The books mention three sun temples at Mundira (perhaps Konark), Kalapriya (Mathura), and Multan.
According to the scriptures, Samba, the child of Krishna, was cursed with leprosy. He was guided by the sage, Kataka, to worship the sun god to cure his sustenance. Samba did penance for a long time 12 years in Mitravana close to the shores of Chandrabhaga. Both the real Konark temple and the Multan temple have been credited to Samba.
Near by traveler spots
  • Chandrabhaga 3.5 km From Konark Temple
  • Ramachandi 8 km From Konark Temple
  • Bhagabati Temple, Konark 2 km From Konark Temple
  • Kuruma 6 km From Konark Temple
  • Puri 35 km From Konark Temple
  • Beleswar
  • Chilika 70 km From Konark Temple
  • Bhubaneswar
  • Gopalpur Beach
  • Kenduli Sasan
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